Задания из IELTS в августе 2017

Вот некоторые задания по Writing и Speaking с официальных экзаменов в августе 2017 года. Используйте их для подготовки! Темами делятся люди, сдававшие IELTS. Мы даем свои комментарии на особенно интересные и каверзные, на наш взгляд, темы.

Конечно, не стоит надеяться на то, что эти темы будут повторяться на будущих экзаменах (хотя кто знает), но помните, что чем больше тем вы проработаете, тем понятнее вам станет формат IELTS и тем подкованнее вы будете. Тематика по сути имеет свои пределы, и, возможно, темы их подобных сфер жизни могут оказаться на вашем экзамене!

Указанные темы взяты с отличного англоязычного сайта для подготовки к IELTS www.ielts-blog.com. Для вашего удобства я собрал темы в один пост.

 
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WRITING | SPEAKING

 


 

IELTS WRITING

Writing task 2
In many countries today the numbers of plants and animals are declining. Why is it happening, in your opinion? What can be the solution to this situation?

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Классический тип темы Writing Task 2 – causes and solutions.
Виды растений и животных исчезают. Почему это происходит? Как можно решить эту проблему?
 
Почему виды растений и животных исчезают?
(1) исчезновение видов вызвано действиями человека – экономическое развитие (промышленность загрязняет экологию, вызывает глобальное потепление)
(2) браконьерство с целью получения ценных животных ресурсов

 
Как можно решить эту проблему?
(1) внедрение более экологичных производств, международные стандарты по максимально допустимому выбросу в окружающую среду вредных отходов
(2) охрана исчезающих видов животных государством
 
Итого:
Главным образом, исчезновение видов вызвано действиями людей через интенсивное промышленное производство. Главный способ решения проблемы – комплексная государственная политика в сфере охраны экологии.

 
 


Writing task 2
Some people think that travel is necessary to learn about other nations. Others, however, think that TV and the Internet are the best ways to learn about other countries. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

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Тема о том, что важно узнавать о новых нациях и странах. Одни говорят, что это лучше делать через путешествия, другие – через Интернет и ТВ. Нужно обсудить оба мнения и дать свою точку зрения.

 
Лучше узнавать о новых странах через путешествия:
(1) во время путешествий человек окунается в культуру и через общение с местными людьми познает ее “из первых рук”.
(2) если человек учит иностранный язык, то рекомендуется провести определенное время в языковой среде, чтобы ускорить процесс освоения языка и практиковать его.

 
Лучше узнавать о новых странах через Интернет и ТВ:
(1) если у человека нет финансовой или физической возможности путешествовать, то Интернет и ТВ – отличный способ познания новых стран (читать сайты, смотреть тревел-шоу).
(2) общаться напрямую с представителями новых культур в настоящее время можно легко через Интернет.
 
Итого:
Мое мнение – лучше путешествовать, потому что так человек сможет лучше понять культуру через прямое общение, наблюдение, кухню, посещение исторических мест и т.д.

 
 


Writing task 2
People in certain countries have more money now and buy more things than before. Do you think it is a positive or negative development? What can be done about it, in your opinion?

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Люди в определенных странах имеют больше денег и покупают больше вещей, чем раньше. Это хорошо или плохо? Что с этим можно сделать?
Тема намекает на развитые страны и понятие “consumerism” (потребительство – покупка большого количества вещей без особой надобности).

 
Это хорошо или плохо?
(1) это хорошо – есть свобода выбора вещей; уровень жизни высокий.
(2) это плохо – увеличивается количество отходов и мусора, потому что люди постоянно покупают новое, выбрасывая старое, которое еще можно использовать; потребительство может вызывать зависимость и бесконтрольную трату денег.

 
Что можно с эти сделать?
(1) Излишек денег можно потратить на помощь людям и странам, которые нуждаются.
(2) Стоит задуматься о негативном влиянии потребительства на исчерпаемые ресурсы и экологию и сократить объем персонального мусора.
 
Итого:
У этой проблемы есть двоякое толкование – с одной стороны рост потребления указывает на высокий уровень жизни, а с другой – несет в себе угрозу для планеты. В качестве решения предлагается более разумное расходование денег и ограничение потребления.
 
Готовое эссе на эту тему смотрите здесь >>

 
 


Writing task 2
Some people think that money can buy all the happiness in life. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give your opinion and include relevant examples to support your answer.

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Согласны или нет с утверждением о том, что за деньги можно купить счастье в жизни?
Перед тем, как давать ответ, можно отстраненно описать две позиции – за и против. Это и будут два абзаца Essay body, а свое мнение можно представить в Conclusion.

 
Те, кто может быть согласен с тем, что счастье можно купить за деньги.
(1) для таких людей обычно счастье в материальных благах
(2) накопленные деньги или постоянный доход придают уверенности в завтрашнем дне, а значит спокойную и счастливую жизнь

 
Те, кто не согласен.
(1) для таких людей счастье означает не наличие материальных благ, а отношения, которые купить нельзя – семья и друзья
(2) такие люди также считают, что здоровье нельзя купить за деньги

 
Свое мнение:
На деньги нужно смотреть как на средство достичь счастья, и их наличие может сделать жизнь довольно комфортной, но купить отношения между людьми деньги вряд ли могут. Поэтому все счастье в жизни на деньги купить нельзя. (Конечно, это только мое мнение, и вы можете использовать свое.)
 
Готовое эссе на эту тему смотрите здесь >>

 
 


Writing task 2
Some people say that computer skills should be added to primary subjects in elementary school such as reading, writing and math. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

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Есть мнение, что компьютерные навыки должны преподаваться в начальной школе наряду с чтением, письмом и математикой. Согласны или нет?
Можно дать свой ответ сразу в Introduction, что я хотел сделать, но потом решил, что в Essay body смогу мало что написать, поэтому я приберегу свой ответ до Conclusion, а в Essay body рассмотрю позиции «за» и «против».

 
Доводы в пользу того, чтобы компьютерные навыки преподавались в начальной школе в качестве отдельного предмета:
(1) т.к. технологии стали неотъемлемой частью жизни людей, детям было бы полезно с раннего возраста понимать, как работать с компьютером.
(2) такой школьный предмет может научить ребенка использовать компьютер и интернет для самообразования и получения полезной информации.

 
Доводы тех, кто против того, чтобы был такой предмет в школе:
(1) такой предмет не нужен, потому что дети и без помощи школы в домашних условиях успешно осваивают компьютерные навыки с помощью различных электронных устройств
(2) лучше использовать время, которое хотят выделить на computer skills classes, на более полезные занятия – например, изучение иностранного языка.

 
Мое мнение и ответ на вопрос:
Соглашусь с позицией второй группы людей – дети и без учителей прекрасно сами могут разобраться в работе компьютера. Лучше не тратить на это время в школьной программе, а сделать акцент на академические предметы, а не на развитие компьютерных навыков.
 
Готовое эссе на эту тему смотрите здесь >>

 
 


Writing task 2
Nowadays people use different machines and devices to do housework. Do you see it continuing as a trend? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

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Люди используют различные устройства для работы по дому. Будет ли так и в будущем? В чем плюсы и минусы?
Не вижу причин, почему это не будет продолжаться в будущем.
 
Плюсы устройств и машин, помогающих по дому:
(1) экономия времени, которое можно использовать на другие, более конструктивные дела – например, время с детьми или друзьями
(2) можно сделать больше домашней работы за единицу времени – мощные стиральные машины и посудомоечные машины
 
Минусы таких устройств:
(1) человек избавлен от физической нагрузки, которая может быть даже полезной
(2) количество таких устройств растет в мире и в конечном итоге это ведет к загрязнению экологии (когда их выбрасывают)
 
Итог:
Люди будут продолжать использовать различные устройства для работы по дому, потому что находят в этом удобство и могут сэкономить время. Да, минусы есть, и очень серьезные, но люди на них обращают недостаточно внимания.

 
 


Writing task 2
It is more important for school children to learn about the local history rather than world history. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Детям важнее учить местную историю, чем всемирную историю. Согласны или нет?
Конечно, нет! Учить нужно оба вида истории. Об этом стоит сразу сказать в Introduction.
 
Местная история важна:
(1) она помогает школьнику понять истоки развития своей страны
(2) она помогает школьнику узнать больше о том, как прошлое повлияло на настоящее и будет влиять на будущее.
 
Всемирная история не менее важна в школьной программе:
(1) всемирные исторические процессы влияли на развитие отдельных стран, в том числе и этой конкретной страны
(2) всемирная история расширяет кругозор и делает человека компетентным в вопросах не только истории, но и географии, политологии и всемирной культуры
 
Итог:
Учить следует оба вида истории, потому что они взаимосвязаны и дают представление о том, насколько наш мир был, есть и будет большим сообществом, где страны и люди влияют друг на друга.

 
Готовое эссе на эту тему смотрите здесь >>

 
 


Writing task 2
Rich countries help poor countries financially to eliminate poverty, but this is not working well. To what extent you are agree or disagree? What are the other factors required to solve this problem?

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Writing task 2
Nowadays people from different countries watch and enjoy the same films, advertisements, music, and fashion. Do you agree or disagree? What are advantages and disadvantages of this development?

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Writing task 2
Nowadays people from different countries watch and enjoy the same films, advertisements, music, and fashion. Do you agree or disagree? What are advantages and disadvantages of this development?

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Writing task 2
Many people make friends through social sites and chat rooms. Others believe that it is not a good idea to make friends without meeting them face to face. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give your own opinion and relevant examples.

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IELTS SPEAKING

Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What subject are you studying?
– Why do you think people choose such a subject in your country?
– What is the most interesting part of your study?
– Do you eat fruit?
– What kind of fruit do you like?
– Why?
– Is it important to eat fruit?

Cue Card

Talk about an invention that has changed the world for the better. Please say

– What is it?
– When and where was it invented?
– Is it useful for different age groups?

Discussion

– What invention is used the most at home in your opinion?
– Do you think the most useful and important inventions of the world were already made?
– Do you think the invention of wheel was very important?
– What leads a person to invent something?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What part of the country do you live in?
– Is it good to live there?
– Would you like to live there in the future?
– Are there any famous places in your city?
– What are they famous for?
– Let’s talk about mirrors.
– How often do you spend time looking in the mirror? Why?
– Did you ever buy a mirror?
– Do you think it is important to have a mirror at home? Why?
– Do you think you spend too much time watching TV?
– Why is that so?
– Did you watch it a lot as a child?

Cue Card

Talk about an interesting house or apartment you have visited. Please say

– Where is it?
– What does it look like?
– When and why did you visit it?

Discussion

– What are the common types of houses in your city?
– Why do you think they are so popular?
– What other types of accommodation are there?
– Why do people prefer that?
– Are there any authentic houses in your city?
– Do people prefer living in the city area or countryside nowadays?
– Why is it so?
– What is the best part of living in the countryside?
– Do you think people are wasting too much energy?
– What can be a solution to preserve energy sources?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What subject are you studying?
– Where do you live?
– Do you leave in an apartment or a house?
– Do you like living there?
– Will you move out of there in the near future?
– What kind of apartment would you like to move to?
– Why do you want to do it?
– What time of the day do you like the most? Why?
– What is your daily evening routine?
– Has your evening routine changed compared to the past?
– What are your preferable means of communication, e-mail or phone? Why?
– Do you think in the future people will communicate more via e-mail or phone?

Cue Card

Talk about an interesting couple whose marriage is successful in your opinion. Please say

– Who is this couple?
– How and when did they meet each other?
– Why do you think their marriage is successful?

Discussion

– Do other people think this marriage has been successful?
– What are the roles of husband and wife in a marriage in your country?
– Do they have equal rights?
– Whose responsibility is it to bring up children in a marriage?
– What is the role of family in raising a child to be a responsible citizen of his/her country?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– Do you listen to pop music?
– Have you ever been to a live concert?
– Did you meet any pop star in person?
– Do you like jewellery?
– How often do you wear it?
– Did you give jewellery as a present to someone?

Cue Card

Talk about a sport that you enjoy watching. Please say

– Where and when did you watch it?
– How often do you watch it and with whom?
– Why do you enjoy this sport?

Discussion

– Most sports now are commercialised, why do you think it is?
– Why do you think sportsmen demand high salaries?
– Is it good that sport stars are demanding high salaries in their respective countries and clubs?
– Many people prefer watching sport rather than playing it, why is that?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– How often do you use a mirror?
– Is it important to use a mirror?
– Do you check yourself in the mirror while choosing your clothes?
– Do you think mirrors can be used for decoration?

Cue Card

Describe an instance when you received a good service at a shop or a restaurant. Please say

– When and where did you receive the service?
– What was the service?
– How did you feel about it?

Discussion

– What should customers do when they receive a bad service?
– What should managers do in order to provide good service?
– What are the differences of services provided by big and small shops?
– Do you prefer to shop in big or small shops? Why?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– Do you like it?
– Do you find your work hard?
– What would you like to do in the future?
– Were you helping parents as a child doing some household chores?
– Should children help their parents at home?
– Why do you think so?

Cue Card

Talk about a new shop that opened recently in your locality. Please say

– What does it sell?
– Did you shop there and with whom?
– Do you think it’s going to be popular?

Discussion

– What are the benefits of big stores in comparison to small shops?
– Why do people like to buy things from small shops?
– How can the government help small shopkeepers?
– What is the importance of local shops for the community?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– Is there anything you dislike about your job?
– What kind of TV programs do you watch?
– Do you watch TV alone or with somebody?
– How often do you watch TV?
– Who is your best friend?
– Where and when did you meet?
– What do you usually do together?
– Explain the reasons of your strong friendship.

Cue Card

Talk about a speech you heard recently or an interesting conversation you had. Please say

– Who was the speaker/the person you had the conversation with?
– When and where did you hear the speech/had the conversation?
– What was it about?
– Why was it interesting to you?

Discussion

– Do you think that it is necessary for children to listen to speeches or lectures in English?
– Why do you think so?
– Many people will be nervous when speaking or presenting to an audience. Why do you think it happens?
– Did you ever do a presentation using a PowerPoint or a similar tool?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– Where do you live now?
– Do you live in a house or an apartment?
– Do you like living there? Why?
– Where would you like to live in the future?
– Do you know your neighbours well?
– Can neighbours be helpful?
– Did your neighbour ever help you?
– What do you think about the public transport system in your country?
– Do you ride the bus often?
– Do you think you will ride the bus more often in the future? Why?
– Do you prefer a bus or an underground train? Why?

Cue Card

Describe a piece of clothing that you like to wear. Please say

– What is it?
– Where and when did you buy it?
– How often do you wear it?

Discussion

– Do others like your clothes?
– How often do people buy clothes?
– Are women more into shopping than men? Why?
– Why don’t most men like shopping?
– What do people wear to a formal meeting in your country?
– What do they wear to weddings?
– Can we judge people by their looks?
– Why do people judge others’ clothing?
– Is it so in other societies as well?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– Do you like your job?
– Describe the apartment and the area where you live.
– What housework do you have to do on a daily basis?
– What housework did you have to do in your childhood?
– Why is it important to teach children to do housework?
– What do you usually carry in your bag?
– Does it depend on where you go?

Cue Card

Talk about your next holiday. Please say

– Where would you like to spend it? Why?
– When do you plan to go on holidays?
– Who would you go with?

Discussion

– Why do you think tourism can be harmful?
– Will the level of tourism grow or reduce in the future, in your opinion?
– How does tourism affect different cultures?
– What should people do before going to a foreign country?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– Do you work or study?
– How hard does one have to study in your major?
– How do you usually spend your weekends?
– How often do you talk with your friends?
– Do you like spending time with friends and how do you spend it?
– Do you think you’ll make lots of friends in the future?
– What kinds of things do you have to bring when you go out?
– Do you carry different things in the morning and in the evening?
– How do you remind yourself to take them?
– Did you ever forget to bring something?

Cue Card

Talk about a well paid job you would like to get in the future. Please say:

– what job this is
– how you would get it
– why you are interested in this job

Discussion

– Which occupation should be given a better pay?
– What makes a person choose a job apart from the salary?
– Is high salary important?
– What do you think is important for job satisfaction?
– What should workers do if they’re not provided incentives?
– What is important for motivation?
– Does a company get benefits by providing motivation to workers?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What are you studying?
– Do you enjoy this field? Why?
– Have you ever been on a boat? Why?
– Would you like to buy a boat?
– What kind of activities do you do with your family on holidays?
– Did it change since your younger years? Why?

Cue Card

Describe a science study that you did in your high school years. Please say

– What did you study?
– Did you like that subject?
– Describe your teacher in that subject.

Discussion

– Are any changes needed in science study approach in schools?
– What kind of changes happened to science recently?
– Who can understand science better, boys or girls?
– Why do you think it is so?
– Do you think that girls are getting better grades than boys nowadays?
– Why is that?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– Will you continue your job in the future? Why?
– What do you like the most about your job?
– Let’s talk about neighbors.
– How important are they to you?
– What type of neighbors, young or old, are good to live with in your opinion?
– Did you receive any help from your neighbors?

Cue Card

Talk about a person who helped you with studies or at work. Please say

– Who is he/she?
– How did he/she help you?
– Why did he/she help you?

Discussion

– Do you read magazines?
– What magazine did you read when you were a child?
– What do you think, who reads magazines more, teenagers or adults?
– What is the difference between online and paper magazines?
– Who is a better help at workplace, men or women? Why?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What are you studying?
– Do you enjoy this field? Why?
– Have you ever been on a boat? Why?
– Would you like to buy a boat?
– What kind of activities do you do with your family on holidays?
– Did it change since your younger years? Why?

Cue Card

Describe a science study that you did in your high school years. Please say

– What did you study?
– Did you like that subject?
– Describe your teacher in that subject.

Discussion

– Are any changes needed in science study approach in schools?
– What kind of changes happened to science recently?
– Who can understand science better, boys or girls?
– Why do you think it is so?
– Do you think that girls are getting better grades than boys nowadays?
– Why is that?

 
 


Speaking test

Interview

– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– Do you like it?
– How hard is your major?
– How do you usually spend your weekends?
– Why did you choose this activity?
– How often do you talk with your friends?
– Do you like spending time with friends?
– What do you usually do together?
– Do you think you’ll make a lot of friends in the future?
– What kinds of things do you have to bring when you go out?
– Do you carry different things in the morning and evening?
– How do you remind yourself not to forget anything?
– Did you ever forget to bring something?

Cue Card

Talk about a well paid job that you would like to have in the future. Please say

– What is it?
– Why do you want to do it?
– How will you achieve it?

Discussion

– Do you think you will be able to get this job?
– What occupations should be paid better? Why?
– Is high salary important when looking for a job?
– What other aspects of a job are important apart from the salary?
– What do you think is important for job satisfaction?
– What should workers do if they are not provided incentives?
– What is important for motivation?
– Does company get any benefits by providing motivation to its workers?

 
 
 

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