You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie charts below give information about the household expenditure of an average U.S. family in different years.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Выпишите для себя проценты по каждой категории, а затем сгруппируйте по принципу «что увеличилось», «что уменьшилось» и «что не изменилось». Так можно упростить себе задачу и потратить меньше времени на описание. Наша задача — сделать максимум 4-5 предложений во втором абзаце.
The two pie charts provide data on expenditure patterns in a typical U.S. household in 1970 and 2004. It is clear that the expenses on food, clothing and transport substantially declined over the period, whereas American families tended to spend more on mortgage and children in 2004.
Thus, it is quite obvious from the information presented that food and clothing expenses had a drastic decrease in U.S. household budgets from 25% and 22% in 1970 to around 12 and 10% by 2004 respectively. A similar situation is true for the transportation spending rate that showed an almost threefold reduction to achieve only 5% at the end of the period. However, the reverse trend is true for mortgage rate which doubled from 26% to 50%, and childcare expenses which rose ten times to 10%. As for entertainment, an average American family used to expend the same amount of money on this in both years at 13%.